The Young Family

Anna Maria (Young) Swanzy

Birth: 1794/5, in Carragocuran, county Cavan, Ireland

Father: James Young

Mother: Jane (Smyth) Young

Married: Samuel Swanzy on 11 August 1812 in St George, Dublin, county Dublin, Ireland

Samuel was born in 1786, the son of James Swanzy and Margaret Drope. He was a solicitor, and Clerk of the Crown for county Cavan. Samuel died on 15 September 1859 at Mount-street, Dublin
The Swanzys of Cavan County (David Swanzy)
  According to the civic records of Cavan Town,20 Samuel Swanzy was an active Cavan Borough Commissioner from 1840 until at least 1853. He was Chairman of the Commission in 1840 until 1842. Then he regained that post in 1844 and 45, then again 1849-51. His prominence as solicitor and civic leader in Cavan is the probable reason that Henry Biddall Swanzy, in his definitive work on the Irish Swanzys, chose to give the distinct label of "the Swanzys of Cavan" to this line of the family.
  The civic records give Samuel Swanzy a good amount of credit for bringing the railway to Cavan, as records from a town meeting in 1852 indicate.
  "Thanks were voted to Samuel Swanzy, Esq.., for his efforts to obtain a line of railway from Mullingar to Cavan, thus opening a railway communication between Cavan and Dublin......The Commissioners also agree to request the Mullingar company to compensate Mr. Swanzy for his services."

Children: Death: 2 August 1865, in Dublin South district, county Dublin, Ireland, aged 70


Charles Sheridan Young

Birth: 1808, in Carragocuran, county Cavan, Ireland

Father: James Young

Mother: Jane (Smyth) Young

Education: Entered Trinity College Dublin on 5 January 1824
Alumni Dublinienses p902 (ed. G. D. Burtchaeli and T. U. Sadlier, 1935):
YOUNG, CHARLES SHERIDAN, Pen. (P.T.), May 31, 1825, aged 16; s. of James, Clericus; b. Cavan. B.A. Vern. 1831.

Married: Mary Magrath on 14 February 1835, in St George, Dublin, couty Dublin, Ireland
Charles Sheridan Young is recorded as resident in Abbey St, in St Mary. Mary Magrath is recorded as a spinster, resident in Rupett St, St George. The marriage was performed by Thomas Ph. LeFanu, Dean of Emly, and witnessed  by Wm Young, J Chambers and A Kambel
Westmeath Guardian 5 March 1835
On the 14th ultimo, in St. George's Church, Dublin, by the Very Rev. the Dean of Emly, Charles S. Young, Esq., youngest son of the late Rev. James Young, Rector of Timolin and Baylon, in the county Kildare, to the beautiful and accomplished Miss Mary Magrath, daughter of the late Folliott Magrath, of Dublin, Esq. After the ceremony, the happy couple set off for Lucan to spend the honeymoon.

Children: Occupation: Clergyman.
In Pettigrew & Oulton's Dublin Directory 1842 p581, Charles is recorded as the curate of St Paul's, Dublin, living at 37 Aughrim Street. In an 1847 prisons report, Charles is listed as the Protestant chaplain of Grangegorman-lane Female Prison (Parliamentary Papers, House of Commons and Command vol 29 p27 (1847)).

Notes: Charles was involved in a long-running series of legal actions against his sister, Jane Henrietta, relating to his inheritance under their mother's will. The initial lawsuit is described in Reports of cases argued and determined in the courts of Queen's Bench vol 1 pp611-621 (1840) and the 1844 appeal in The Revised Reports vol 68 pp308-313 (1904) The entire affair is recapped in Irish Chancery Reports vol 8 Appendix ppviii-xix.

Death: 20 March 1847, aged 39

Buried: St Michan's churchyard, Dublin, county Dublin, Ireland
Journal of the Association for the Preservation of the Memorials of the Dead in Ireland vol 6 (1904-1906) p511
Here lieth the Body of Patrick Smythe Esqre | late of Bailieboro in the County of Cavan | He departed this life on Saturday the 17th day of June in the year 1797 | in the fifty eighth year of his age | deservedly regretted by his family | and Friends | Beneath are deposited the mortal remains of Jane his eldest daughter relict of the late Revd James Young Rector of Timolin | and Balin (?), who died August 1833 aged 68 years. This inscription recorded by her youngest | son the Rev, S. Young Curate of St. Pauls, Dublin | who died on the 20th of March 1847 | Aged 39 years, & whose remains now lie interred here.


Francis Smyth Young

Birth: 1789/90 in Carragocuran, county Cavan, Ireland

Father: James Young

Mother: Jane (Smyth) Young

Married: Mary James


Notes: Francis is mentioned in a lawsuit in 1851 regarding "the lands of Lissanimore, in the county of Cavan" that he mortgaged on 20 January 1815 to Robert Clarke for £600.

Death: 27 November 1852

Burial: Dunleckney cemetery, county Carlow, Ireland
The gravestone inscription reads:
Died May 27th 1852 aged 62 years Francis Smyth Young eldest son of the late Revd. James Young, Rochfield, Co. Cavan


James Young

Birth: 1760/1, in county Meath, Ireland

Father: Francis Young

Mother: Jane Kellet

Education: Entered Trinity College Dublin on 3 February 1779, graduating with a B.A. in 1783.
Alumni Dublinienses p902 (ed. G. D. Burtchaeli and T. U. Sadlier, 1935):
YOUNG, JAMES, Pen. (Dr French), Feb. 3, 1779, aged 18; s. of Francis, Generosus; b. Meath. B.A. Æst. 1783. 

Married: Jane Smyth

Children: Occupation: Clergyman
James was Rector of Timolin and Bayon, in county Kildare, Ireland

Notes: James was of Bailieborough, county Cavan


Jane Henrietta (Young) Hassard

Birth: 1799/1800, in Carragocuran, county Cavan, Ireland

Father: James Young

Mother: Jane (Smyth) Young

Married: Richard Major Hassard on 14 December 1821, in St Peter, Dublin, county Dublin, Ireland
Richard Hussard is resident in the parish St Mary. Jane Henrietta Young is resident in the parish of St Peter. The marriage was witnessed by Thomas Ph. Lefanu

Richard was born in 1797/8, and died in 1870, in Dublin North district, county Dublin, Ireland.
Richard and Jane entered into a long legal battle with Jane's brother, Charles Sheridan Young, over their mother's will. The initial lawsuit is described in Reports of cases argued and determined in the courts of Queen's Bench vol 1 pp611-621 (1840) and the 1844 appeal in The Revised Reports vol 68 pp308-313 (1904) The entire affair is recapped in Irish Chancery Reports vol 8 Appendix ppviii-xix, but basically the dispute arose from the mother's will which gave a number of lands to Charles, and directed that profits from the lands were to be used to fulfill a number of annuities, including £100 a year to Jane Henrietta. In a codicil to the will, the mother gave some of the lands, at Drutamon, directly to Jane, and Charles interpreted that those lands would still contribute to the annuities, while Jane interpreted that they would not, and that she would still receive the full £100 a year in addition to Drutamon. To the courts it went (Young v. Hassard , heard before Lord Plunkett on 13 January 1839, who decided in Charles's favour, and a formula was developed to figure out by how much Jane's £100 a year would be reduced. Richard and Jane fought the decision, appealing in 1841 and again in 1844, with the courts upholding the original decision. They then sued for the difference in the annuity in 1847 and 1852 and again in a 31-page brief in 1856. The judge at that time noted that Richard Hassard had sent letters to him "of the most insolent and offensive character" and then after feeling one of the letters was threatening brought the matter to the notice of the Lord Chancellor and had Richard committed to the Fourcourts Marshalsea for contempt. He was discharged after undertaking to write no more letters to the judge.

The Years of the Shadow p239 (Katherine Tynan, 1919)
One day I took down a very unpromising book, M‘Neill on the Second Advent. In it I found the following inscription:
 ‘To Superintendent or Inspector of C Division for the use of the men under him (as also for the Prisoners who may from time to time be confined in the Sackville Lane Station House) this book is given for Mr. Durham’s civility and kindness to Mr. Hassard while he was confined there for one hour for telling a Mr. Edward Magowan an attorney of Co. Cavan, No. 6 Berkley Street, Dublin, that he was a Robber, Liar, and Thief, a Swindler and Forger—which is the Truth.
        (Signed) R. M. HASSARD.
  A further inscription on a second fly leaf runs:
  ‘If this book is read with attention, anxiety, and a desire for Knowledge, it may turn out for those who wish for to know the Truth the greatest blessing that ever fell on them.
  ‘14th July 1850.’
There is no indication that the book was ever read

An amusing account of his arrest for contempt of court in the battle over his mother-in-law's will is found in Irish Literary Gazette 24 October 1857 p200
  Mr. DEASY possesses one attribute superior to all his learned brothers—he has the enviable power (to a lawyer) of making the Master of Rolls laugh. There is, to be sure, another individual who has, on a single occasion, decided that honour with him, namely, Richard Major Hassard, whose last appearance converted the temple of justice into a theatre of the broadest and most irresistible force Mr. Hassard either has, or fancies he has, some legal claims which no administrator of justice can look at in the same light as himself. He is a slim, sharp, serious, intelligent looking gentleman, who wears spectacles and appears, in his general aspect, to be always anxiously on the look out for that measure of justice which he never finds, although he has tried every court in the hall in its turn. At one time he addresses the venerable chief of the Queen's Bench, who listens to him stolidly and patiently, and dismisses him with a sympathising advice. Again, he visits the Court of Chancery and enlivens its dull atmosphere with an attempted address to which his lordship turns an indifferent ear, and after a little interlocution, in which Mr. Hassard is always sure to enjoy the last word, gets rid of him. His latest venture was in the Rolls, where he evidently came determined to create a sensation, which he did, accomplishing it, however, in a most unlooked-for way. In venturing into such an arena, he had evidently miscalculated his forces and his man. The Master of the Rolls is a systematic and laborious judge, who does not understand unprofessional interference, and instead of arguing with Hassard, cut him short in his oration, and when he very unwisely and indecorously persisted, ordered him into the custody of the tip-staffs at once. Those who saw the scene that followed can hardly have forgotten it. The officers who attempted the capture might as easily have attempted to catch an eel without a spear or net. Perspiring and exhausted they followed him in vain. The seats and tables gave him an inexhaustible command of retreats. At one time his spectacled and cool but serious features rose suddenly amongst ‘the juniors,’ and before they could settle their nerves at the apparition, his pursuers approached him, and down he dived again, like Punch in the puppet-show, or a floating cormorant at the flash of the fowler's gun. Again, he was seen amidst the back benches, strenuously insisting on his right to be heard, and once more he broke off in the middle of his speech, and disappeared as suddenly as before, and from the same cause, leaving the breathless officer looking at the place where he had stood only a moment before, with the comic bewilderment of the clown in the pantomime, who sees his destined victim vanish through a trapdoor. Up to a certain point this singular extravaganza, both nettled and disturbed the bench. It was both undignified and annoying. But the last scene of the drama would have unsettled the features of Heraclitus himself, when, with a start of terror and a cry of pain, Mr. HUGHES (then we think her Majesty's Solicitor General, and one of the greatest men of the bar) suddenly gave tongue in a burst of anguish, and roared out that the coils of a boa-constrictor had encircled his lower members in their hideous embrace. While he was speaking up rose Mr. Hassard by his side, or rather from under his arm, and the extreme contrast between the affright pictured in the features of the pleader and the cool, wary, businesslike air of his persecutor, who was evidently only drawing his breath for another dip, altogether upset the gravity of the bench. It was delicious to witness the mirth of his Honour, and we take it upon us to aver, that few who heard it thought it it unbecame his dignity, or would not wish to listen to it again. 

Richard and Jane continued their legal actions, requesting the removal of the trustees appointed to the children of Charles Sheridan Young, who had died in 1847, and it seemed to be the protection of these minors that finally caused the judge to order an end to the litigation and that "Mrs. Hassard must strictly adhere to the rules of the Court; and I shall not permit any notice to be lodged with the officer, unless it shall be signed by a solicitor, as required by the practice of the Court, and unless it shall be served through the notice office, as required by the course of the Court, where the parties to be served are represented by solicitors. This will prevent the publication of libels under the colour of serving notices. Mrs. Hassard may appeal against this order, and I hope she will. If she does not do so, Mr. Hassard shall not re-agitate the question here, or further impede the public business of this Court." Further legal event around borrowing that the Hassards did against the annuity can be found in Irish Chancery Reports vol 4 pp268-276.

In addition to the wrangling over Jane Byrd's will, the Hassards also had numerous problems with the tenants on the lands they owned.
The Anglo-Celt (Cavan) 29 September 1848
ASSAULT AND RESCUE--We have been favoured with the particulars of an attempt to seize upon the crops of a tenant by R. M. HASSARD, Esq., for rent, under an affirmation decree, and of a subsequent rescue and assault by the country people. We are aware of the bad feeling that has long existed between Mr. HASSARD and his tenants, and are averse to meddling in such matters; but our duty, as a public journalist, compels us to give a condensed account of the present transaction. On Friday last, Mr. HASSARD, who resides in Bailieborough, proceeded with his son and two bailiffs to the lands of Shancock to execute an affirmation decree on the goods of a tenant named Owen CLARKE for the amount of a year's rents due at November, 1847. The seizure was made upon a field of oats in the stook; but no sooner was it acomplished than a number of labourers gathered and drove off Mr. HASSARD's party, threatening them with greater violence should they return. Mr. HASSARD then went to Capt. WILCOX, R.M., who granted warrants for the ringleaders. In his absence a Mr. JACKSON, a receiver under the court, laid a seizure upon the same field for the sum of £15, due by CLARKE to him also for rent. It appears CLARKE held two farms--one from Mr. HASSARD and one under the courts; the former he did not till this year, but the latter he did. When Mr. HASSARD went to look for his rent he was obliged there to seize upon the crop grown on the second farm, which Mr. JACKSON would not suffer to be removed until his demand was satisfied. The rioters having been apprehended on Saturday were bound over to take their trials at the ensuing quarter sessions. On Monday Mr. HASSARD returned with his men to complete the seizure and remove or sell the oats. When he appeared on the ground, CLARKE's friends, who had been on the look- out, assembled, and marching into the field, two deep, armed with pitchforks, reaping hooks, &c., declared they would resist the seizure. Mr. HASSARD, however, persisted in his intentions, when a scuffle or fight ensued, that at one time was very alarming. Mr. HASSARD received a stab of a pitchfork in the side, which was happily warded off by a parcel of gunpowder and some flints he had about him. He also received a blow of a billhook, which perforated his coat, glancing down sideways without doing further injury. The bailiffs were cut and bruised, one of them receiving a serious wound in the back of the head. Mr. HASSARD was urged by some of his party to discharge a brace of pistols he carried, but was dissuaded by his son, a boy of seventeen years of age. At this stage Mr. HASSARD and his men beat a retreat to Bailieborough, hotly pursued by their opponents. The police immediately went in quest of the rioters, eighteen or twenty of whom they arrested between that and next morning, many of whom were amongst those who had entered recognizances on the previous Saturday. We have been supplied with their names, but we have not space to give them insertion. Another curious circumstance connected with this affair remains to be told. The oats which was in dispute, and which Mr. JACKSON held for his demand, was carried off at night by a large body of people, while he slept. This was done with such silence and agility that no noise was heard, nor was there the slightest trace of the oats to be found in the morning, although there had been £40 worth in the field on the preceding night. The above are the particulars as they have been forwarded to us; we cannot vouch for their authenticity, but we believe them to be in the main correct.

In 1830 Richard published a book titled Popery, as it was, is, and will be, until destroyed;: Exhibiting a most frightful picture of the impiety of that system, clearly shewing the utter inutility ... and the folly of Protestants demanding one, by Richard Major Hassard.

Richard died in 1870, in Dublin North district, county Dublin, Ireland.

Children: Notes:
Jane is sometimes referred to as simply "Henrietta Young" and "Henrietta Hassard" so possibly she normally used Henrietta rather than Jane.

In 1843, Jane published a book titled Rooks versus pigeons: a Christmas box for a most truly religious attorney; giving a conscientious view of a bill of costs for the sale of certain bishop lands ... the property of the late Mrs. Jane Young alias Byrn, by Mrs. Richard Major Hassard, a copy which is held at the National Library of Ireland.

Death: 3 March 1875, at Blessington-street, Dublin, county Dublin, Ireland, aged 75

Probate: granted 24 March 1875, to Rose Anne Hassard
Ireland Calendar of Wills 1875 p299
HASSARD Jane Henrietta. 24 March. The Will of Jane Henrietta Hassard late of Blessington-street Dublin Widow deceased who died 3 March 1875 at same place was proved at the Principal Registry by the oath of Rose Anne Hassard of Blessington-street Widow one of the Executors. Effects under £600.

1823: Old Dorset Street, Dublin St Mary, county Dublin   (baptism record of son William)


John Young

Birth: 1893/4

Father: James Young

Mother: Jane (Smyth) Young

Education: Entered Trinity College Dublin on 5 October 1812, and graduating B.A. in 1817
Alumni Dublinienses p903 (ed. G. D. Burtchaeli and T. U. Sadlier, 1935):
YOUNG, JOHN, Pen. (Mr Fenton), Oct. 5, 1812, aged 18; s. of James, Clericus, defunctus. [N.F.P.] B.A. Æst. 1817

Married: Margaret Walsh on 16 January 1822 in St George, Dublin, county Dublin, Ireland
Revd John Young is recorded as resident at Stone Hall Glebe. Margaret Walsh is recorded as resident of Dublin St GEorge. The marriage was witnessed by Richard Hassard, Tho. Walsh and James Edmiston Clk.

Occupation: Clergyman
John was vicar of Stonehall, county Westmeath.

Death: 20 August 1853


William Walter Young

Birth: 1805/6 in Carragocuran, county Cavan, Ireland

Father: James Young

Mother: Jane (Smyth) Young

Education: Entered Trinity College Dublin on 5 January 1824
Alumni Dublinienses p904 (ed. G. D. Burtchaeli and T. U. Sadlier, 1935):
YOUNG, WILLIAM WALLER, Pen. (Mr Fenton), Jan. 5, 1824, aged 18; s. of James, Clericus; b. Cavan.

Notes: William is mentioned in his mother's will. These legal reports give his middle name as Walter, while Alumni Dublinienses p904 has his middle name as Waller.

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