William Charsley on 4
September 1884, in St Peters, Brighton, Sussex, England The Slough, Eton and Windsor Observer, 13
September 1884 p4 column 7
CHARSLEY - GASCOIGNE. - On September 4th,
at St. Peter's Church, Brighton, by the Rev. John Lovell Robinson, B.A,
Chaplain of the Royal Naval College, Greenwich, brother-in-law of the
bride, assisted by the Venerable Archdeacon Hannah D. D., Vicar of
Brighton, the Rev R. H. Charsley, M.A., Chaplain of the Radcliffe
Infirmary, Oxford, Uncle, and the Rev. G. Ernest Frewer, M.A., Rector
of Fullerby, Lincolnshire, brother-in-law of the bridegroom: Frederick
William, only son of Frederick Charsley, Esq., of 10, Lewes Crescent,
Brighton, and Brickendenbury, Herts, to Emily Fanny Eden, youngest
daughter of General Gascoigne, C.B. of Chesham Place, Brighton, late of
Death: 8 November 1908, at 21 Chesham
Place, Brighton, Sussex, England, aged 54 The Slough, Eton and Windsor Observer, 14
November 1908 p8 column 1
DEATH OF MRS F. W. CHARSLEY
We deeply regret to have to record the death of Mrs. Emily Fanny
Eden Charsley, which took place at 21 Chesham Place, Brighton, on
Sunday. The deceased lady was the youngest daughter of the late General
Gascoigne, C. B., of Brighton, and widow of the late Mr. Frederick
William Charsley, of "Pinewood," Stoke Poges. The funeral took place on
Thursday. A service was held at St Mark's Church, Brighton, at 9.45
a.m., and the body was conveyed by rail to Gerrards Cross Station and
from there to Fulmer, where the interment took place. It will be
remembered that the late Mr. F. W. Charsley was buried in Fulmer
Buried: 12 November 1908, in
Fulmer churchyard, Fulmer, Buckinghamshire, England
Will: proved on 14 December 1908,
by the Reverend John Lovell Robinson, the Reverend George Ernest
Frewer, and Frederick Gascoigne Charsley, Lieutenant, R.N., the
Occupation: Officer in the Royal
John entered the Royal Marines as Second Lieutenant on 4 June 1828 (List of Officers of the Army and Corps of Royal
Marines 1832). He was promoted to First Lieutenant on 23 May
1837 and in 1840-1 was employed aboard the Vestal
stationed in North America
and the West Indies (Navy List 1841). John was appointed
adjutant on 5 November 1842 (London Gazette 11 November 1842 p3904).
He was promoted to Captain on 9 November 1846 (London Gazette 17 November 1846 p4660).
On 6 August 1850 John joined the Trafalgar,
stationed in Sheerness (Navy List 1851), and on 17 May 1854 he
was appointed to the St. Vincent
on troop service to the Baltic (Navy List 1854), then transferred to the Powerful, all as marine captain (Navy List 1855). John was promoted to
Lieutenant-Colonel on 6 February 1857 (London Gazette 10 February 1857 p473). On
26 March 1860, John joined the flagship Chesapeake,
commanding a battalion of Royal Marines for service in China. (Navy List 1861). The most significant
action of John's career, and one that resulted in
his C.B. award, occurred in an attack on North Peiho fort in China in
August 1860 during the Second Anglo-Chinese War. This report from
Lieutenant-Colonel Gascoigne was published in the London Gazette on 6 November 1860
of Royal Marines, (L.I.)
August 24, 1860.
I have the honour to report for the information of the Lords
Commissioners of the Admiralty, the proceedings of the Battalion Royal
Marines under my command, serving by your order with the expeditionary
force, and attached to the Fourth Brigade in the Second Division, since
landing at Pehtang on the 9th instant.
On the 12th August the whole force (excepting the 99th
Regiment), moved out for Sinho. The Tartar cavalry showed themselves in
great numbers during the advance and made demonstrations of attack, but
were repulsed with considerable loss, the casualties being few on the
side of the Allies. Our own battalion though engaged having none.
On the 14th at daylight, the artillery with the 3rd and 4th
Brigades, and a French force, were sent forward to take the strongly
fortified village of Ton-ku. After a severe bombardment the 60th Rifles
effected an entrance at the west angle upon the river, the casualties
having been but few on the part of the Allies. Two deep ditches
encompassed the place, and the loss to the enemy was great.
On the 21st (having marched out of Ton-ku the previous evening),
the Artillery, Engineers, Royal Marines, 44th and 67th Regiments,
accompanied by about 1,500 French, moved to the attack of the strong
North Peiho Fort. The right wing of the Royal Marines being sent
forward under Lieutenant-Colonel J. O. Travers, to carry the pontoons
and scaling-ladders, these companies were commanded by Captain J. C.
Symonde, Brevet-Major J. C. D. Morrison, Captain J. B. Prynne and
Lieutenant T. H. A. Brenan, with No. 6 Company, which (on account of
the deep mud and heavy weight of the pontoons) was subsequently ordered
to assist. These officers all distinguished themselves by endeavouring
to surmount the difficulties that met them at every step. The pontoons
being laid down by order of the Commanding Engineer, the ladders were
immediately taken round to the right angle and put across the ditch. A
rush of men upon them caused them to be used as bridges to cross the
wide ditch, the men standing up to their armpits in water to support
An entrance was effected at the main gate about the same time as
at the angle. This fort commanded the others, and in consequence of its
fall, and some good practice from four gunboats (one shell exploding a
magazine) the forts on both sides of the river submitted to the Allies.
With regard to the operations, the remainder of the battalion
was kept moving up in support, and during the assault was so placed as
to command access to the gate or the angle, should either point have
required further assistance.
The loss to the battalion was 1 private killed, 5 officers, 1
serjeant, 2 corporals, and 21 privates wounded.. A. list of them is
inclosed, and all of them are doing favourably:
I have the satisfaction of reporting the good conduct of the
battalion generally. Lieutenant-Colonel Travers, during these
operations, supported his well-known character for devotion and
untiring energy. Assistant-Surgeon D. M. Shaw was well up to the front
under fire, and gave instant attention to the wounded men. Dr. J.
Little's arrangements for quickly passing them to the rear being most
complete and satisfactory.
Captain Prynne was one of the first to enter the fort, followed
by some men of his company, and shot down with his revolver a mandarin
of note, since ascertained to have been the General-in-command.
Captain Prynne speaks highly of Serjeant Teacle, of the 8th
Company, Serjeant Knapp, of the 83rd, Corporal Kelly, of the 61st,
Private Bray, of the 16th, and Private Bowerman, of the 8th Company.
The conduct of Serjeant Henry Trent, of the 83rd Company, was deserving
of all praise, as he continued his indefatigable exertions to get the
pontoons up, although wounded, until another severe wound obliged him
to be taken to the rear.
(Signed) J. H. GASCOIGNE.
Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding Battalion.
Notes: John was an accomplished
amateur watercolour artist. This view of Halifax harbour is part of the
Peter Winkworth Collection of Canadiana held by the Canadian Archives.
The Upper Ten Thousand p178 (Thom, 1875) Gascoigne,
lieut.-gen. John Hawkins, R.M., C.B., s. of lieut. J.
Gascoigne, R.M.; b. 1811; m. Louisa (d.),
dr. of Col. William Moulden Burton, royal marines; served in the Baltic
1854, commanded the troops at Shanghae in 1860. Ivybridge, Devon.
Kelly's Handbook 1879 p253 Gascoigne,
gen. John Hawkins, R.M., C.B., b.
1811; m. 1, Louisa, dau. of col.
Wm. Moulden Burton, R.M.; 2, widow of Ed. James, Elvaston
place, S.W.; in Baltic 1854, commd. troops at Shanghae 1860, and battns.
of R.M. in all the actions that led to occupation of
Pekin; ret. list from 1877: address
7 Chesham pl. Brighton; Little Park, Wickham, S. Hants.
Marriage (1st): England
Marriage Index (2Q1843 Lewisham vol 5 p336)
Marriage Index (2Q1876 St Geo H Sq vol 1a p556); Ann birth from 1881,
1891, 1901 census (age at death gives a birth range of 1816-7); Ann 1st
marriage from Kelly's Handbook 1879 p253; Ann
death from England Death Index (2Q1902 Brighton vol 2b p130)
Baptism: 8 December 1849, in Holy Trinity,
Brompton Old, Kent, England.
William Henry Parker Gascoigne is listed as the son of John Howkins
Gascoigne and Louisa Gascoigne of Park Terrace, Gillingham. John's
occupation is Captain, Royal marines.