The Gascoigne Family

Clara Elizabeth (Gascoigne) Scott

Birth: 28 April 1845, in Chatham, Kent, England

Baptism: 11 June 1845, in St Mary, Chatham, Kent, England

Father: John Hawkins Gascoigne

Mother: Louisa (Burton) Gascoigne

Married: Edwin Luddington Scott in 1869, in Totnes district, Devon, England

Death: 1898, in Leeds district, West Riding of Yorkshire, England, aged 52

1861: Royal Marines Barracks, Chatham, Kent
1881: Castle Hayes, Plympton Maurice, Devon
1891: St Marys, Plympton St Mary, Devon


Emily Fanny Eden (Gascoigne) Charsley

Birth: 1854, in Rochester, Kent, England

Baptism: 20 December 1854, in St Margaret, Rochester, Kent, England

Father: John Hawkins Gascoigne

Mother: Louisa (Burton) Gascoigne

Married: Frederick William Charsley on 4 September 1884, in St Peters, Brighton, Sussex, England
The Slough, Eton and Windsor Observer, 13 September 1884 p4 column 7
CHARSLEY - GASCOIGNE. - On September 4th, at St. Peter's Church, Brighton, by the Rev. John Lovell Robinson, B.A, Chaplain of the Royal Naval College, Greenwich, brother-in-law of the bride, assisted by the Venerable Archdeacon Hannah D. D., Vicar of Brighton, the Rev R. H. Charsley, M.A., Chaplain of the Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, Uncle, and the Rev. G. Ernest Frewer, M.A., Rector of Fullerby, Lincolnshire, brother-in-law of the bridegroom: Frederick William, only son of Frederick Charsley, Esq., of 10, Lewes Crescent, Brighton, and Brickendenbury, Herts, to Emily Fanny Eden, youngest daughter of General Gascoigne, C.B. of Chesham Place, Brighton, late of Elfords, Hawkhurst.

Death: 8 November 1908, at 21 Chesham Place, Brighton, Sussex, England, aged 54
The Slough, Eton and Windsor Observer, 14 November 1908 p8 column 1
  We deeply regret to have to record the death of Mrs. Emily Fanny Eden Charsley, which took place at 21 Chesham Place, Brighton, on Sunday. The deceased lady was the youngest daughter of the late General Gascoigne, C. B., of Brighton, and widow of the late Mr. Frederick William Charsley, of "Pinewood," Stoke Poges. The funeral took place on Thursday. A service was held at St Mark's Church, Brighton, at 9.45 a.m., and the body was conveyed by rail to Gerrards Cross Station and from there to Fulmer, where the interment took place. It will be remembered that the late Mr. F. W. Charsley was buried in Fulmer Churchyard.

Buried: 12 November 1908, in Fulmer churchyard, Fulmer, Buckinghamshire, England

Will: proved on 14 December 1908, by the Reverend John Lovell Robinson, the Reverend George Ernest Frewer, and Frederick Gascoigne Charsley, Lieutenant, R.N., the executors.

Census & Addresses:
1861: Royal Marines Barracks, Chatham, Kent
1881: Village St Stephens, St Stephens By Saltash, Cornwall
1891: Pinewood, Stoke Poges, Buckinghamshire
1901: 21 Chesham Place, Brighton, Sussex; Emily Charsley is aged 46, born in Rochester, Kent, and is living on her own means.
1908: 21 Chesham Place, Brighton, Sussex (The Slough, Eton and Windsor Observer, 14 November 1908 p8 column 1)


Florence Mary Gascoigne

Birth: 1848, in Bath, Somerset, England

Father: John Hawkins Gascoigne

Mother: Louisa (Burton) Gascoigne

Death: 1931, in Brighton district, Sussex, England, aged 83

1881: 7 Chesham Place, Brighton, Sussex
1891: 26 Sussex Square, Brighton, Sussex
1893: 26 Sussex Square, Brighton, Sussex (London Gazette 7 July 1893 p3867)
1901: Brighton, Sussex: Florence Gascoigne is aged 48, born in Bath, Somerset
1911: Brighton, Sussex: Florence M. Gascoigne is aged 63


John Hawkins Gascoigne

Title: General John Hawkins Gascoigne C.B.

Birth: 1811, in Frindsbury, Kent, England

Father: J. Gascoigne, a lieutenant in the Royal Marines

Married (1st): Louisa Burton on 27 June 1843, in Charlton, Kent, England
Observer 3 July 1843 p4
27th [ult.], at Charlton Church, by the Rev. T. J. Burton, J. H. Gascoigne, Esq., Royal Marines, to Louisa, only daughter of Lieut-Colonel Burton, of the Royal Marines

Children: Married (2nd): Ann (_____) James in 1876, in St George Hanover Square district, Middlesex, England. Ann was born in 1820/1, in London. She was previously married to Edward James of Elvaston place, S.W. London. Ann died in 1902, in Brighton district, Sussex, aged 85.
1881: 7 Chesham Place, Brighton, Sussex
1891: 26 Sussex Square, Brighton, Sussex
1901: Brighton, Sussex: Ann Gascoigne is aged 80, born in London City and Living On Own Means

Occupation: Officer in the Royal Marines
John entered the Royal Marines as Second Lieutenant on 4 June 1828 (List of Officers of the Army and Corps of Royal Marines 1832). He was promoted to First Lieutenant on 23 May 1837 and in 1840-1 was employed aboard the Vestal stationed in North America and the West Indies (Navy List 1841). John was appointed adjutant on 5 November 1842 (London Gazette 11 November 1842 p3904). He was promoted to Captain on 9 November 1846 (London Gazette 17 November 1846 p4660). On 6 August 1850 John joined the Trafalgar, stationed in Sheerness (Navy List 1851), and on 17 May 1854 he was appointed to the St. Vincent on troop service to the Baltic (Navy List 1854), then transferred to the Powerful, all as marine captain (Navy List 1855). John was promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel on 6 February 1857 (London Gazette 10 February 1857 p473). On 26 March 1860, John joined the flagship Chesapeake, as Lieutenant-Colonel commanding a battalion of Royal Marines for service in China. (Navy List 1861). The most significant action of John's career, and one that resulted in his C.B. award, occurred in an attack on North Peiho fort in China in August 1860 during the Second Anglo-Chinese War. This report from Lieutenant-Colonel Gascoigne was published in the London Gazette on 6 November  1860 p4088-9
                      Battalion of Royal Marines, (L.I.)
                              Ton-Ku, August 24, 1860.
  I have the honour to report for the information of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, the proceedings of the Battalion Royal Marines under my command, serving by your order with the expeditionary force, and attached to the Fourth Brigade in the Second Division, since landing at Pehtang on the 9th instant.
  On the 12th August the whole force (excepting the 99th Regiment), moved out for Sinho. The Tartar cavalry showed themselves in great numbers during the advance and made demonstrations of attack, but were repulsed with considerable loss, the casualties being few on the side of the Allies. Our own battalion though engaged having none.
  On the 14th at daylight, the artillery with the 3rd and 4th Brigades, and a French force, were sent forward to take the strongly fortified village of Ton-ku. After a severe bombardment the 60th Rifles effected an entrance at the west angle upon the river, the casualties having been but few on the part of the Allies. Two deep ditches encompassed the place, and the loss to the enemy was great.
  On the 21st (having marched out of Ton-ku the previous evening), the Artillery, Engineers, Royal Marines, 44th and 67th Regiments, accompanied by about 1,500 French, moved to the attack of the strong North Peiho Fort. The right wing of the Royal Marines being sent forward under Lieutenant-Colonel J. O. Travers, to carry the pontoons and scaling-ladders, these companies were commanded by Captain J. C. Symonde, Brevet-Major J. C. D. Morrison, Captain J. B. Prynne and Lieutenant T. H. A. Brenan, with No. 6 Company, which (on account of the deep mud and heavy weight of the pontoons) was subsequently ordered to assist. These officers all distinguished themselves by endeavouring to surmount the difficulties that met them at every step. The pontoons being laid down by order of the Commanding Engineer, the ladders were immediately taken round to the right angle and put across the ditch. A rush of men upon them caused them to be used as bridges to cross the wide ditch, the men standing up to their armpits in water to support them.
  An entrance was effected at the main gate about the same time as at the angle. This fort commanded the others, and in consequence of its fall, and some good practice from four gunboats (one shell exploding a magazine) the forts on both sides of the river submitted to the Allies.
  With regard to the operations, the remainder of the battalion was kept moving up in support, and during the assault was so placed as to command access to the gate or the angle, should either point have required further assistance.
  The loss to the battalion was 1 private killed, 5 officers, 1 serjeant, 2 corporals, and 21 privates wounded.. A. list of them is inclosed, and all of them are doing favourably:
  I have the satisfaction of reporting the good conduct of the battalion generally. Lieutenant-Colonel Travers, during these operations, supported his well-known character for devotion and untiring energy. Assistant-Surgeon D. M. Shaw was well up to the front under fire, and gave instant attention to the wounded men. Dr. J. Little's arrangements for quickly passing them to the rear being most complete and satisfactory.
  Captain Prynne was one of the first to enter the fort, followed by some men of his company, and shot down with his revolver a mandarin of note, since ascertained to have been the General-in-command.
  Captain Prynne speaks highly of Serjeant Teacle, of the 8th Company, Serjeant Knapp, of the 83rd, Corporal Kelly, of the 61st, Private Bray, of the 16th, and Private Bowerman, of the 8th Company. The conduct of Serjeant Henry Trent, of the 83rd Company, was deserving of all praise, as he continued his indefatigable exertions to get the pontoons up, although wounded, until another severe wound obliged him to be taken to the rear.
                 I have, &c.,
      (Signed) J. H. GASCOIGNE.
            Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding Battalion.

John was promoted to Brevet-Colonel on 15 February 1861 (London Gazette 15 February 1861 p655). He was made a Companion of the Order of the Bath (C.B.) on 1 March 1861 (London Gazette 1 March 1861 p655). John was made Colonel Second Commandant on 6 March 1862 (London Gazette 7 March 1862 p1300), then Colonel-Commandant on 29 May 1863 (London Gazette 2 June 1863 p2857). He was promoted to Major-General on 23 August 1866 (London Gazette 7 September 1866 p4918) and Lieutenant-General on 1 April 1870 (London Gazette 1 April 1870 p2005). John retired on 7 September 1875 (Navy List 1880)

View of Halifax Harbour by John Hawkins Gascoigne
View of Halifax Harbour by John Hawkins Gascoigne
Notes: John was an accomplished amateur watercolour artist. This view of Halifax harbour is part of the Peter Winkworth Collection of Canadiana held by the Canadian Archives.

The Upper Ten Thousand p178 (Thom, 1875)
Gascoigne, lieut.-gen. John Hawkins, R.M., C.B., s. of lieut. J. Gascoigne, R.M.; b. 1811; m. Louisa (d.), dr. of Col. William Moulden Burton, royal marines; served in the Baltic 1854, commanded the troops at Shanghae in 1860.
  Ivybridge, Devon

Kelly's Handbook 1879 p253
Gascoigne, gen. John Hawkins, R.M., C.B., b. 1811; m. 1, Louisa, dau. of col. Wm. Moulden Burton, R.M.; 2, widow of Ed. James, Elvaston place, S.W.; in Baltic 1854, commd. troops at Shanghae 1860, and battns. of R.M. in all the actions that led to occupation of Pekin; ret. list from 1877: address 7 Chesham pl. Brighton; Little Park, Wickham, S. Hants. 

Death: 16 March 1893, in Brighton district, Sussex, England, aged 82

Will: proved 16 May 1893, by the Reverend John Lovell Robinson and Florence Mary Gascoigne, the executors

Census & Addresses:
1849: Park Terrace, Gillingham, Kent (baptism record of son William)
1875: Ivybridge, Devon (The Upper Ten Thousand p178)
1876: Ivybridge, Devon (Proceedings of the Old Bailey 8 August 1876)
1879: 7 Chesham Place, Brighton, Sussex, and Little Park, Wickham, Hampshire (Kelly's Handbook 1879 p253)
1880: Little Park, Wickham, Hampshire (Kelly's Directory 1880 p278)
1881: 7 Chesham Place, Brighton, Sussex
1882: 7 Chesham Place, Brighton, Sussex, and Elfords, Hawkhurst, Kent (Kelly's Handbook 1882 p319)
1891: 26 Sussex Square, Brighton, Sussex
1893: 26 Sussex Square, Brighton, Sussex (London Gazette 7 July 1893 p3867)


Louisa Aveline (Gascoigne) Robinson

Birth: 1846, in Chatham, Kent, England

Baptism: 6 November 1846, in St Mary, Chatham, Kent, England

Father: John Hawkins Gascoigne

Mother: Louisa (Burton) Gascoigne

Married: John Lovell Robinson on 25 February 1875, in St Johns Church, Ivybridge, Devon, England

Children: Death: 1934, in Horsham district, Sussex, England, aged 88

1861: Royal Marines Barracks, Chatham, Kent
1881: 1 Diamond Terrace, Greenwich, Kent
1911: Horsham, Sussex: Luoisa Aveline Robinson is aged 64


William Henry Parker Gascoigne

Birth: 1849, in Medway district, Kent, England

Baptism: 8 December 1849, in Holy Trinity, Brompton Old, Kent, England.
William Henry Parker Gascoigne is listed as the son of John Howkins Gascoigne and Louisa Gascoigne of Park Terrace, Gillingham. John's occupation is Captain, Royal marines.

Father: John Hawkins Gascoigne

Mother: Louisa (Burton) Gascoigne

Death: 1850, in Medway district, Kent, England

Buried: 30 December 1850, in Gillingham, Kent, England

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